Please visit my Normalized Interlinear Pentateuch web site: for Samaritan Pentateuch and the Dead Sea Scrolls.

Please also visit web sites of my friends:

Ryan's web site and his Facebook page.

Dina's web site (in Russian/Русский) and her Facebook page.

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Sefer Torah Scrolls

One thing that is indispensable when studying Pentateuch is ... well.. an authoritative Pentateuch text itself. As of today, there are many resources available that provide all conceivable versions of the Bible known to man. However, there is usually no way to see an actual  Torah Scroll, unless you own one or can access one at the nearby synagogue.

Fortunately, there are more and more resources become available on the Internet every day, so I was finally able to track down and collect several great resources, that one can use to supplement usual copy of the Bible. I would suggest first to read this article about Torah, if you are not familiar with the differences between available texts. You can also check out this post of mine about statistics on the Sefer Torah Scroll.

Let's begin with the Kosher Sefer Torah Scroll resources...

What is most important about this first link bellow, is that these images would allow you to look at the original Hebrew text of Pentateuch that is actually being used in a synagogue, as well as to make copies of the Torah (that is why it is a Kosher Scroll).
  1. Five Sefer Torahs of Congregation Beth Emeth (Conservative Judaism) of Northern Virginia.
For example, here is an image of the part of the Torah Scroll:

Unfortunately, this is the only web site that I know of for now that contains such a valuable study tool. If I will find any more web sites, I will add it to my blog as well.

Here are some more resources, that also contain the text of the Pentateuch(and in some cases, the entire Tanach). However, these are simply replicas of the Torah Scroll according to the rules of masora; meaning that the text is written and formatted as if it was an actual Torah Scroll. These resources are not as valuable as the one above, but they provide some other advantages to the user (such as cross referencing the text with the translation, different styles, e.t.c)
  1. Sefer Torah Scroll (with some of the Megillot and useful comments on writing the scroll). It is not Kosher as it contains mistakes but it is still useful.
  2. Torah by World ORT (with translation, transliteration and chanting)
I think this is it for now, but I will try to add more resources like that as they become available.

Meanwhile, you can check out this little Parallel Pentateuch that I have made to help with the study of the text and as a great handy reference. 

And even though it is based on the public domain texts that may not represent the most accurate versions available, three translations in parallel would still give you an excellent opportunity to compare and truly appreciate the magnificence of the original text. This is a Leningrad Codex-English Transliteration-Young's Literal Translation version of the Pentateuch. This is a second edition, that includes better formatting and front cover.


  1. I'm just curious as to why a Greek word is used for a Hebrew text? I know Penta means five and teuchos means vessel. Is the term 'torah' not as precise? Only curious...

  2. I use the word Pentateuch, because within the rabbinic tradition the word "torah" usually implies so-called oral law (aka Talmud) which is a forbidden addition to the text (see Deut 4:2). In other words, the word "torah" got corrupted by organized religion. Even the phrase "written torah" may refer to either Talmud or the rest of the Tanakh (which are certainly the man made works). So I figured that the greek word "pentateuch" would clearly reflect what I'm referring to.

    Besides, first five books of Moses are officially called "the Pentateuch" in the academic circles.

  3. The Intrepid Hen, can you please contact me directly via my email ( I'm just curious about you and wanted to ask you personal questions.

    Thank you.

  4. Oh, that makes sense, I figured there must be a specific reason. Thank you and I will contact you directly as requested.


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